CDD – Procurement Violations and Offenses

Procurement Appeals and Oversight:

Procurement Violations and Offenses

Definitions—

These terms, used in this policy, are defined as follows:

1. “Contract administration professional” means an individual who is either

directly under contract with the District or is employed by a person under

contract with the District and who has responsibility in developing a

solicitation or grant or in supervising or overseeing the administration or

management of a contract or grant. This term does not include an

employee of the District.

2. “Contribution” includes the following as applied to the District:

a. a voluntary gift or donation to the District for the District’s use, and

not for a particular person employed by the District, including a

philanthropic donation, services, money, or other items of value;

b. admission to a seminar, vendor fair, charitable event, fundraising

event, or similar event that relates to the function of the District;

c. purchase of a booth at an event sponsored by the District or a

group of which the District is a member; or

d. sponsorship of an event that is organized by the District.

3. “Gratuity” means anything of value given without anything provided in

exchange or in excess of the market value of that which is provided in

exchange, including:

a. a gift or favor;

b. money;

c. a loan at an interest rate below the market rate or with terms that

are more advantageous to the borrower than terms offered

generally on the market;

d. anything of value provided with an award other than a certificate,

plaque, or trophy;

e. employment;

f. admission to an event;

g. a meal;

h. lodging;

i. travel;

j. entertainment for which a charge is normally made; and

k. a raffle, drawing for a prize, or lottery.

The term “gratuity” does not include:

a. an item, including a meal in association with a training seminar,

that is:

i. included in a contract or grant; or

ii. provided in the proper performance of a requirement of

a contract or grant;

b. an item requested to evaluate properly the award of a contract

or grant;

c. a rebate, coupon, discount, airline travel award, dividend, or

other offering included in the price of a procurement item;

d. a meal provided by an organization or association, including a

professional or educational association, an association of

vendors, or an association composed of public agencies or

public entities, that does not, as an organization or association,

respond to solicitations;

e. a product sample submitted to a public entity to assist the public

entity to evaluate a solicitation;

f. a political campaign contribution;

g. an item generally available to the public; or

h. anything of value that one public agency provides to another

public agency.

4. “Family member” means a father, mother, husband, wife, son, daughter,

sister, brother, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, first cousin, mother-in-law,

father-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, son-in-law, or daughter-in-law.

5. “Hospitality gift” means a token gift of minimal value, including, a pen,

pencil, stationery, toy, pin, trinket, snack, beverage, or appetizer, given for

promotional or hospitality purposes. It does not include money, a meal,

admission to an event for which a charge is normally made, entertainment

for which a charge is normally made, travel, or lodging.

6. “Kickback” means a negotiated bribe provided in connection with a

procurement or the administration of a contract or grant. It does not

include anything which is listed in the exclusions from the definition of

“gratuity,” above.

7. “Procurement” has the meaning set out in the scope section of Policy CB

except that for purposes of this policy it also includes the awarding of a

grant.

8. “Procurement professional” means an employee of the District (not an

independent contractor) who by title or primary responsibility:

a. has procurement decision making authority; and

b. is assigned to be engaged in, or is engaged in either:

i. the procurement process or

ii. the process of administering a contract or grant, including

enforcing contract or grant compliance, approving contract or

grant payments, or approving contract or grant change

orders or amendments.

9. The term “procurement professional,” as it applies to the District, does not

include:

a. members of the Board of Education

b. the superintendent, business administrator, a principal, a vice

principal, or the chief assistant or deputy of the superintendent,

business administrator, or of a principal or vice principal; or

c. any other individual who, by title or primary responsibility, does

not have procurement decision making authority.

10.“Public agency” means the following entities and all officials, employees,

and official representatives of the following entities:

a. a city, town, county, school district, local district, special service

district, or other political subdivision of the state of Utah;

b. the state of Utah or any department, division, or agency of the state

of Utah;

c. any agency of the United States;

d. any political subdivision or agency of another state or the District of

Columbia, including any interlocal cooperation or joint powers

agency formed under the authority of the laws of another state or

the District of Columbia; and

e. any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or

community which is recognized as eligible for the special programs

and services provided by the United States to Indians because of

their status as Indians.

Utah Code § 63G-6a-2402 (2017)

Unlawful Conduct and Exceptions—

It is unlawful and a violation of this policy:

1. for a person who has or is seeking a contract with the District

knowingly to give, or to offer, promise, or pledge to give, a gratuity or

kickback to

a. the District;

b. a procurement professional or contract administration

professional; or

c. an individual who the person knows is a family member of a

procurement professional or contract administration

professional.

2. for a procurement professional or contract administration professional,

or a family member of either, knowingly to receive or accept, offer or

agree to receive or accept, or ask for a promise or pledge of a gratuity

or kickback from a person who has or is seeking a contract or grant

from the District.

It is not unlawful for the District to give, offer, promise, or pledge to give a

contribution to another public agency.

It is not unlawful or a violation of this policy for a person:

1. to give or offer, promise, or pledge to give a contribution to the District

unless that is done with the intent to induce the District in exchange to

(a) award a contract, (b) make a procurement decision, or (c) take an

action relating to the administration of a contract or grant.

2. to give or offer, promise, or pledge to give something of value to an

organization to which a procurement professional or contract

administration professional belongs unless that is done with the intent

to induce the District in exchange to (a) award a contract, (b) make a

procurement decision, or (c) take an action relating to the

administration of a contract or grant.

3. on behalf of the District, to receive or accept, offer or agree to receive

or accept, or ask for a promise or pledge of a contribution unless done

with the intent that the District in exchange (a) award a contract or

grant, (b) make a procurement decision, or (c) take an action relating

to the administration of a contract or grant.

It is not unlawful or a violation of this policy for a person to give or receive,

offer to give or receive, or promise or pledge to give or ask for a promise or pledge

of a hospitality gift if:

1. the total value of the hospitality gift is less than $10; and

2. the aggregate value of all hospitality gifts from the person to the

recipient in a calendar year is less than $50.

Utah Code § 63G-6a-2404 (2014)

Voiding a Contract or Grant for Unlawful Conduct—

This section applies to procurements (a) for which public notice is provided on

or after July 1, 2014, if public notice is required, or (b) where public notice is not

required, the initial contact between the District and the potential contractor for

purposes of the procurement occurs on or after July 1, 2014.

When a contract or grant has been awarded to a person who engages in

conduct made unlawful by this policy or by Part 24 of the Procurement Code,

“Unlawful Conduct and Penalties,” the Board of Education or the superintendent

may, in their sole discretion, declare the contract or grant to be void and

unenforceable except where (a) the contract or grant relates to the issuance of a

bond or other obligation and the bond has been issued or obligation incurred; or (b)

a third party has substantially changed its position in reliance upon the contract or

grant.

Declaring a contract or grant void under this section does not affect the

District’s obligation to pay for a contractor’s proper performance completed under

the contract or grant or to pay for the value the contractor provides to the District

under the contract or grant before the contract or grant is declared void.

Utah Code § 63G-6a-2405 (2014)

Prohibited Socialization by Procurement Professionals—

A procurement professional shall not:

(1) participate in social activities with vendors or contractors that will interfere

with the proper performance of the procurement professional’s duties;

(2) participate in social activities with vendors or contractors that will lead to

unreasonably frequent disqualification of the procurement professional

from the procurement process; or

(3) participate in social activities with vendors or contractors that would

appear to a reasonable person to undermine the procurement

professional’s independence, integrity, or impartiality.

Utah Admin. Rules R33-24-104(1) (August 22, 2016)

Evaluation Committee Conflicts of Interest—

Nothing in this policy limits the District in requiring evaluation committee

members to disclose conflicts of interests or in removing evaluation committee

members for conflicts of interest.

Utah Code § 63G-6a-2406 (2014)

Required Reports of Unlawful Conduct—

“Unlawful conduct” means:

1. conduct made unlawful by this policy or Part 24 of the Procurement Code,

“Unlawful Conduct and Penalties or

2. conduct, including bid rigging, improperly steering a contract to a favored

vendor, exercising undue influence on an individual involved in the

procurement process, or participating in collusion or other anticompetitive

practices, made unlawful under other applicable law.

A procurement professional with actual knowledge that a person has engaged in

unlawful conduct shall report the unlawful conduct to the state auditor, the attorney

general, or other appropriate prosecuting attorney. A procurement professional who

fails to comply with this reporting requirement is subject to disciplinary action by the

District. Persons other than procurement professionals with actual knowledge of

unlawful conduct may report the unlawful conduct to the state auditor, the attorney

general, or other appropriate prosecuting attorney.

Utah Code § 63G-6a-2407 (2017)